Environmental and economic rewards of Genome Project still emerging 20 years later

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Two decades ago, the corn plant got a huge boost with the announcement of the National Plant Genome Initiative (NPGI). The historic research effort to map the corn genome has resulted in significant economic and environmental dividends for farmers and society at large.The gene mapping effort, which ran parallel to the mapping of the human genome, opened up a new frontier for corn that is still being explored today, according to Pam Johnson, a Floyd, Iowa farmer who served as the Chairperson of NCGA’s Research and Business Development Action Team and later as NCGA president.“The NPGI didn’t just build a bridge between scientific discovery and real-world solutions for corn, it laid the groundwork for a new interstate highway of discovery,” Johnson said. “Corn continues to be one of the most important crops for our nation and this will likely continue given the vision of early NCGA leaders and the large coalition they helped forge.”NPGI has funded more than $1.5 billion of genomic research to date and the undertaking continues to send ripples through the scientific community and agriculture.“Corn became the primary focus of the broader plant genomics project because of its economic significance and because of its complexity. The theory is if we could crack the secrets of corn, the knowledge gained could be applied to many other plants,” said Rodney Williamson, director of research and development for Iowa Corn Growers Association. “The idea of sequencing the corn genome was considered an immense and daunting task because it has one of the of the most complex genomes of any known organism. But we continue to see the payoff.”At 2.5 billion base pairs covering 10 chromosomes, this genome’s size is comparable to that of the human genome which explains why the data generated from the gene mapping will keep scientists sorting and exploring for decades to come, says Williamson, who was part of the group in 1997 that threw down the gauntlet challenging the scientific community.The new, emerging picture of corn helps researchers better understand its evolution and history. The crop was domesticated from a Central American grass called teosinte some 10,000 years ago. Much of the genetic diversity of maize, however, reaches nearly five million years back.“Today we are still investigating what each of the genes does with a new initiative called Genomes to Fields. It’s a big puzzle that we don’t have a complete map for yet, but the potential benefits and advances are mind-boggling,” Johnson said. “The data we have contains answers like the best way to adapt corn to different climates, develop more efficient corn plants, use less energy growing it, sequester more carbon and increase the supply of food and feed.”Williamson says the people in the nondescript hotel meeting room in 1997 contended the completion of the maize genome sequence would change agriculture and it has. Things such as increased breeding efficiency, streamlined delivery of new traits, discovering enhancements of properties such as drought tolerance, and a better overall understanding of the crop has enhanced corn’s position as the ideal crop for food, feed, fuel and industrial uses.According to the USDA, corn production in the U.S. has grown from roughly 9 billion bushels in 1997 when NPGI began to more than 15 billion bushels today. At the same time, the value of the U.S. crop has grown from $25 billion to more than $51 billion.last_img read more

A look inside Hidden Creatures (infographic!)

first_imgPlus, your fun photos from Hidden Creatures adventures across the globe!Photo by: Tecnics of GeodogBlu!Photo by: Gloworm77 of North Dakota, United States!Photo by: icabrian in Slovenia!Photo by: MikimichiSaiko in Austria!What was your favorite part of Hidden Creatures? Share in the comments below!Share with your Friends:More Traveling through the forest, over the desert, into the ocean, and up to the mountaintops, geocachers witnessed 13 species of Hidden Creatures around the world. We created an infographic to showcase six fun stats from the campaign. From stats to photos, here’s a look inside Hidden Creatures: SharePrint RelatedUncover a new world of Hidden CreaturesJune 5, 2018In “News”From Sketch to Souvenir: the artist behind Hidden CreaturesJune 19, 2018In “News”The world wide search for Hidden Creatures continuesJuly 10, 2018In “News”last_img read more

Another North American Magic Box

first_img This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Over the past few years, GBA has published several articles on “magic boxes” — a type of combination appliance that functions as a ventilation system, heating system, and cooling system. Most recently, I wrote about the CERV, a magic box manufactured in Illinois. Now a Canadian manufacturer has come out with a magic box that resembles the CERV.The new device, the Boreal 12000, is manufactured by Minotair, a small company in Gatineau, Quebec. Like the CERV, the Minotair Boreal 12000 includes an air-source heat pump. All of the heat pump’s components, including both the condenser coil and the evaporator coil, are located indoors. Like a heat-recovery ventilator (HRV), the Minotair Boreal 12000 has four duct connections, including a fresh air duct that pulls outdoor air into the appliance and an exhaust duct that delivers stale air outdoors. During the winter, the exhaust air from the house passes over the heat pump’s evaporator coil, allowing the heat pump to scavenge some heat from the exhaust air. Since the condenser coil is located in the fresh-air duct, the Boreal 12000 delivers heat to the incoming ventilation air.A motorized damper adjusts the airflow paths depending on whether the unit is in ventilation mode or recirculation mode. During the summer, the heat pump removes heat and moisture from the incoming outdoor air stream and delivers heat to the exhaust air stream, thereby lowering the temperature and humidity level of the incoming ventilation air. The main purpose of the Minotair Boreal 12000 is to provide mechanical ventilation for a home in a way that pays close attention to the indoor humidity level. While the device appears capable of doing an excellent job of ventilation, it can also provide up to 9,400 Btu/h of space heating and up to 8,700 Btu/h of cooling. While that’s not… center_img Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.last_img read more

WATCH: Kobe Bryant recites retirement poem with composer John Williams

first_imgLATEST STORIES View comments His short but sweet recital was met with a standing ovation from the pleased audience.Meanwhile, the 39-year-old Bryant expressed his delight upon performing and sharing the stage with one of music’s most recognizable names.“Never thought I’d be on stage w/ the great JOHN WILLIAMS @HollywoodBowl to perform the #DearBasketball animated short. Thank u LA #mindblown,” he wrote. Never thought I’d be on stage w/ the great JOHN WILLIAMS @HollywoodBowl to perform the #DearBasketball animated short. Thank u LA #mindblown pic.twitter.com/NryTKovJuU— Kobe Bryant (@kobebryant) September 2, 2017ADVERTISEMENT Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters MOST READ NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Aside from being one of the most spectacular basketball players to ever lace up a pair of sneakers, Kobe Bryant is a man of many talents.ADVERTISEMENT Since his retirement from the game last year, fans have learned more about his many hidden passions aside from putting the ball in a hoop—including his gift for poetry.The Los Angeles Lakers legend recited his ”Dear Basketball” poem, alongside legendary conductor John Williams and the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra at the Hollywood Bowl over the weekend.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingThe one-time league MVP penned the heartfelt piece on The Player’s Tribune in 2015-2016 season, to announce that he’ll be walking away from the sport.Bryant’s emotional words echoed throughout the packed hall, as an animated short of his storied career played on a big screen overlooking the stage. Lyceum stays unbeaten, cruises to 10th straight win Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Williams, meanwhile, is responsible for a slew of the most popular music in cinema history, including music for classics like “Jaws”, “Jurassic Park,” “E.T. the Extra-Terrestial” and the iconic “Imperial March” from the “Star Wars” franchise. /raRELATED STORY:Nike responds to Kobe Bryant’s letter to game of basketball Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’last_img read more