Cape Town has its low, flat, Table Mountain. Johannesburg has the long, thin, Hillbrow Tower, one of the tallest towers in Africa.The tower, named the JG Strijdom Tower after a former South African prime minister (1954 to 1958), was built over three years between June 1968 and April 1971. (Image: Wikimedia Commons)Brand South Africa ReporterCape Town has its low, flat, Table Mountain. Johannesburg has the long, thin, Hillbrow Tower, one of the tallest towers in Africa.The Tower dominates the Johannesburg skyline, visible to visitors long before they reach the city itself. It’s a tribute to the tower’s symbolic power that it has been incorporated into the city’s official logo.The tower, named the JG Strijdom Tower after a former South African prime minister (1954 to 1958), was built over three years between June 1968 and April 1971. It cost around R2-million (a rather modest office block costs that much today). It is 270-metres (or 90 storeys) high, making it one of the tallest man-made structures with a lift in Africa.During the years of its construction it gave the flat-dwelling residents of Hillbrow some headaches – construction took place six days a week, 24 hours a day – but also much fascination, as it grew taller and taller.Heather Dharsey, who lived in Hillbrow between 1963 and 1982, says: “As I grew up in Hillbrow (fondly known as Hillies), I watched the Tower grow like a concrete mushroom.”She continues: “We didn’t understand the enormity of the Tower, we thought it was just going to be another building – the Highpoint building was being built at the same time – so we were used to building activity, but this was unbelievable. We watched this thing grow between the buildings.”The first 178 metres went up at an average of 18cm per hour, and to ensure the Tower went up perfectly vertically, a laser beam was used for guidance as the Tower lifted from the ground. The walls of the Tower are 84cm thick at ground level and 38 cm thick at the top.The Tower belongs to telecommunications parastatal Telkom. With the burgeoning of tall buildings in the city in the 60s skyscraper era, the new telephone tower had to ensure that it stayed above the height of the tallest building. There’s another reason for its height: it was to be a microwave tower.Microwaves travel in straight lines from one transmitter to another across comparatively short distances (40-50 kilometres) and hence are not subject to any interference. Because of this, they provide superb clarity of reception. Microwave was the latest technology in the sixties, and Telkom was keen to use it, and avoid further expensive laying of underground cables.Previously a radio wave system of transmission had been used, but radio waves are subject to interference from magnetic thunderstorms, a weather pattern Johannesburg is particularly subject to in the summer months.The Tower has become an emblem of the city, although it wasn’t the first telephone tower to reach into the skies of Johannesburg. The Brixton or Albert Hertzog Tower was built in 1962, taking 20 months to complete. Today it transmits radio and television broadcasts. It is slightly shorter than the Hillbrow Tower, at 240 metres. It once housed a restaurant at its base but this was closed in the 1980s and is now used as office space for Sentech, the present owners of the Brixton tower.Johannesburg’s other tall landmark is the 50-storey Carlton Centre, completed in 1973, and the tallest office block in Africa.Tourist attractionHillbrow Tower was closed to visitors in 1981, for security reasons. But for ten years before that, it was one of the city’s great tourist attractions.At the top of the tower, from 131 metres upwards, were six public floors. One of them housed a revolving restaurant, called Heinrich’s Restaurant, the highest restaurant in Africa at 197 metres, which seated 108 people in “luxurious comfort”, says a promotional brochure from the period.It offered an unrestricted 360-degree view, as well as “superb service . with at least one waiter to every 10 visitors – a very high proportion by even the most specialised standards”.The floor revolved at between one and three revolutions per hour in an anti-clockwise direction. When the restaurant was full, it weighed 64 metric tons, yet its movement was “so smooth and well-balanced”, that it required only a three horsepower motor to turn it.If you couldn’t get into the restaurant, there was an alternative – the Grill Room, which provided “superb cuisine”, seating 113 people, also in “luxurious comfort”. The Grill Room had an open grill, allowing guests to see their meals being prepared.The restaurant and grill room each had their own bar and lounge, with a bar service being “one of the very few in South Africa which is licensed to serve visitors with any drink at any time between 11am and 2am the following day”. There was another public, but more exclusive room – the VIP room.It was a “spectacular room decorated in the Louis XVI style” available for parties, seminars and meetings of up to 50 seated or 100 standing. When not being used for private functions, it was open to the public as an “exclusive, intimate table d’hote restaurant”.The public observation deck could accommodate 200 people, and provided a 360-degree view of the city and surrounds through 24 large windows. There were seven coin-operated telescopes available, as well as hot and cold drinks, and snacks from a self-service counter.Unbeknown to visitors, when they were sitting eating at the restaurant or having a drink at the bar, they were swaying, by up to 41cm on a windy day. This wasn’t as far as is normal in a building of this height – normally it would sway several metres, but due to “special structural techniques”, which included taking the foundation down 42 metres, the sway was reduced to just under half a metre. A full sway would take eight seconds. Too much sway would put the Tower out of alignment with other towers.The sway at the mast at the very top of the Tower was 86cm, with winds at times reaching 190 kilometres per hour. The windows were wind and storm resistant. This mast, according to Dharsey, was put in place by a helicopter, a remarkable spectacle she remembers watching.Visitors reached the top via two high-speed lifts, shooting upwards at six metres per second. A third lift was for staff.No corners were cut. The interiors and furniture were specially designed by celebrated South African artists, and the decor was “the ultimate in comfort and luxury”. The restaurants and lounges were decorated with “magnificent Ernst Ullmann applique wall tapestries depicting South African bird life, the history of communications and scenes of early Johannesburg”.The tapestries and furniture have been removed, and now reside in Telkom buildings in Pretoria.For Dharsey, and for many other Johannesburgers, the Tower become a “wonderful tourist attraction”, so it was a “great shame” when it closed to the public in January 1981. It was closed because in the turbulent eighties when strategic points around the country were becoming targets for guerrilla attacks, it was felt that the Tower was at too great a risk.Unfortunately, the tower is not likely to be re-opened to the public. It is now used as an office block for Telkom employees.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest As planting enters the latter stages across Ohio, farmers now turn their attention to pest and disease issues. As Beck’s Hybrids Alex Johnson tells The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins, cutworms may be coming to Ohio corn fields, along with bean-leaf beetles in young soybean fields and head scab in wheat.
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… alex williams Tags:#cloud#news Related Posts Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting I asked the team at Atlassian yesterday about their macrovision of the market and how they view the developer world. I found their answer revealing. What they said made me think about the way companies have to build for developers and end users. It’s increasingly almost a task that has to be one and the same.The question came as they explained why Atlassian, which received $60 million in finding last year, bought two plugins from Sysbliss: Bamboo Release Management and JIRA Workflow Designer.Both tools have a core value. They are easy to use and they help get the job done quickly.Jira Workflow Designer plugin is a visual editor similar to Visio for making workflows. With it you can save custom layouts, drag and drop items and remove the steps that have often required repeated tasks in the initial workflow creation. Bamboo Release Management integrates with Jira. It offers:Centralized version management.Filters and masks to grab the right version.Version qualifiers to doc custom builds on different release levels.Configuration tester to see what versions are available based on your configuration.The End User and the DeveloperAtlassian has made its mark by offering developer environments for building software and services. I asked about that in context with their macrovision. Atlassian offers tools for developers but they see themselves focusing in many ways on the end user. Their goal is to offer custom workflow environments for people like myself who want the sophistication of a rich workflow but do not have the skill sets of a developer.To that end, they have launched Atlassian University.That’s a trend you see in the market with Web apps such as Dropbox, which is a service for anyone to use but has serious credibility with the developer geek crowd.The idea being that developers want smooth experiences. And the end user absolutely requires it.That’s better than the alternative. And that’s being classified according to tired metaphors such as application lifecycle management providers. It’s almost as if developers are saying treat us like everyone else. Just allow us to show our individuality and ways to extend tools and service the ways we want.That’s the message we hear from Atlassian as well as across the market with each passing day. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
David Curry A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts Google is building an artificial intelligence team in Beijing, China, despite having its search engine and mobile app store banned in the country.The search giant has been recruiting heavily over the past year, and in May hinted that an AI research team based in China could be on the cards, according to the Financial Times.See Also: Neura AI aims to make the connected home truly smartEngineering talent in China has forced many Western companies to set up research and incubators, allowing them to hire even when their services are banned.Google is going up against local search rival Baidu, which has invested heavily into AI research and self-driving cars over the past three years. Like Google, Baidu has unveiled an autonomous shuttle service and is embedding AI into its search engine.Alibaba and Tencent, who with Baidu make up the “big three” in China, also spend a lot hiring engineering talent from top Chinese universities.Google has around 600 employees based in China, mostly focused on advertising.China wants to leadThe Chinese government has set a goal of becoming a world leader in AI by 2030. It already has one of the largest engineering talent pools, although experts still think the U.S. and Britain has an edge when it comes to division leaders.Google has had a tough relationship with the Chinese government. Seven years ago, the company accused the government of a cyberattack that tried to find information on human rights activists. Shortly after, Google stopped censoring search results in the country, and was quickly banned.The relationship is apparently warmer now, but Google is far away from having its services unbanned, if it even wants to work under China’s censorship. AI: How it’s Impacting Surveillance Data Storage China and America want the AI Prize Title: Who … Tags:#AI#artificial intelligence#Baidu#Beijing#China#featured#Google#Machine Learning#top AI Will Empower Leaders, Not Replace Them
The Rajasthan High Court on Friday issued notices to the State government and BJP State president Madan Lal Saini on a public interest litigation raising questions over the expenses incurred on Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje’s ongoing ‘Gaurav Yatra’. BJP president Amit Shah had flagged off the yatra from Charbhuja temple in Rajsamand on August 4.The petition, moved by lawyer Vibhuti Bhushan Sharma, has contended that since the ‘Gaurav Yatra’ was an initiative of the ruling BJP ahead of the State Assembly elections, no orders could be issued to the government departments to make arrangements for the march.The State government had ordered the Public Works Department on August 1 to make arrangements for setting up the stage, sound system and decoration for the yatra by inviting tenders for these works. The Information and Public Relations Department was also handed over the task of giving publicity to the yatra.A Division Bench headed by Chief Justice Pradeep Nandrajog asked the government counsel as to who was footing the bill for the yatra and issued notices to the respondents seeking their reply by August 16. The counsel representing the Chief Secretary and PWD informed the court that the impugned orders had since been withdrawn.The writ petition has named the Chief Secretary, PWD Principal Secretary and Chief Engineer and Mr. Saini as respondents. It said the yatra could not be described as a part of the government’s functioning, as the BJP itself had announced that its election campaign had started with the launch of the march.
Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? “This is on another level,” said Younghusband. “This is where we want to be as a football country and hopefully this is just the start.”Etheridge also reached new heights in his career as he played a huge role in Welsh club Cardiff City’s promotion to the English Premier League.With 19 clean sheets in the Championship, the Filipino international helped Cardiff to a second place finish. In August, Etheridge became the first Southeast Asian to play in the most lucrative football league in the world.“Emotions were running high when we made it to the Asian Cup, but making the Premier League was also a priority for me,” said Etheridge.The unbeaten run in Asian Cup qualifying, however, was not enough for coach Thomas Dooley to keep his job.ADVERTISEMENT No holiday break LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño That set Ceres up for another strong run to the AFC Asean zonal final, where it lost to Home United of Singapore. Still, the Busmen clinched a second straight PFL trophy and booked a return ticket to the Champions League next year.Kaya took the other domestic trophy—the Copa Paulino Alcantara—and also bagged the second AFC Cup spot allotted for the Philippines.There was also heartbreak for the women’s national team, which nearly made it to the Women’s World Cup in France next year.A campaign that started with plenty of promise ended with a whimper as the Malditas failed to follow up their 2-1 win over host Jordan.The Malditas atoned for their failed AFC Asian Cup bid by storming to the next round of the 2020 Women’s Olympics Football Tournament.On the heels of another year of mixed results, the year 2019 could be the most critical yet for Philippine football.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:30Eriksson’s ‘Azkals’ put Philippines on Asian Cup map02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss In front of an electrifying crowd at Rizal Memorial Stadium, the Azkals fought back from a goal down to beat Tajikistan, 2-1, to clinch qualification to the continental showcase in the United Arab Emirates.“We showed our character,” said a teary-eyed Azkals goalkeeper Neil Etheridge, after Phil Younghusband’s 50th goal for the country sealed the victory. “That was the Azkals I knew. Never giving up no matter what.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefThe feat also meant so much to the team’s biggest backer, Dan Palami, who has been bankrolling the team since 2010. “We’ve been through a lot, especially for me,” the Azkals team manager said. “We have not always been successful, but to make it to the bigger stage after all those heartaches, it’s fulfilling.”The 24-nation Asian Cup, which begins on Jan. 5, will be the biggest tournament yet for the Azkals, who will square off with heavyweights South Korea, China and Kyrgyzstan in the group stage. BREAKING: Corrections officer shot dead in front of Bilibid TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES In a year with ups and downs, the Azkals carved amemorablemoment when they qualified for the Asian Cup for the first time inPhilippine football history. —SHERWIN VARDELEONPhilippine football achieved huge milestones in 2018, but it ended the year on a subdued note with setbacks overseas and at home, leaving the sport still searching for more support and stability heading into the new year.The Azkals provided the year’s high note, nailing an Asian Cup berth for the country for the first time in history in March.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Former England captain Terry Butcher was hired, but he withdrew from the job without even meeting the team and it was coach Scott Cooper, a former champion in the Thai League, who took charge of the team as it began its buildup for the Asian Cup.In a bold and ambitious move before the year ended, the Azkals hired former England coach Sven Goran Eriksson to handle the team in the AFF Suzuki Cup and the Asian Cup with Cooper as assistant.The Swede guided the Azkals to another semifinal appearance in the 2018 AFF Suzuki Cup. The Azkals lost two legs to eventual champion Vietnam in the last four.But even with the success of the national team, club football in the country remained unstable and with another club, Davao Aguilas, leaving the league before the year ended.The Philippine Premier League will take the place of the Philippines Football League, with kickoff set for March.But with Ceres Negros, Kaya Iloilo and Stallion Laguna the only clubs that are certain to participate, organizers of the PPL have a tough task establishing the league, which has struggled to draw support and sponsors.The home-and-away format of the PFL proved demanding for the clubs logistically and financially, with almost zero return from investment.“There was no revenue, no national sponsorship, no television media and limited attendance at stadiums with numerous restrictions being forced,” PPL commissioner Bernie Sumayao admitted. “The PPL is a new neutral independent league whose main objective is to contribute to the development of football in the country. We have to stay positive and never lose hope.”The difficult situation in the PFL has made the achievement of its reigning champion Ceres all the more remarkable.The Busmen got off to a flying start this year, reaching the third round of the AFC Champions League highlighted by a stunning 3-2 win over Australian club Brisbane Roar. Ceres made a good account of itself in a 0-2 defeat to Chinese powerhouse Tianjin Quanjian. SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion View comments
England assistant manager Steve Holland believes that they must be brave and attempts changes or else they will continue to come short in major tournamentsThe Three Lions’ sole major honour in football comes from the 1966 World Cup where they won at home led by the legendary Sir Bobby Charlton.Since then, the closest England have ever come to glory in a major international competition comes from two more semi-final appearances in the World Cup and another in Euro 1996.Holland, who was a part of Gareth Southgate’s coaching staff at the 2018 World Cup, believes the national side have made progress following their last four appearance at Russia.But the former Chelsea assistant coach admits England need to take a bold approach if they are to succeed on the big stage.“When you reflect on the World Cup as a whole, we definitely made progress but we weren’t perfect,” said Holland, according to the Telegraph.“Gareth’s mantra from the start, particularly given his own personal experience, is that he’s not afraid of trying things.Crouch: Liverpool could beat Man United to Jadon Sancho Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Peter Crouch wouldn’t be surprised to see Jadon Sancho end up at Liverpool one day instead of his long-term pursuers Manchester United.“I don’t mean to be critical of any England team or any England manager in recent history, but the fact of the matter is, I’m 48 and I’ve never seen England in a final.“I’ve only seen England in two semi-finals up until this summer so although we are a proud footballing nation, the reality is we have not been very good on the big stage.“If we were to continue along the same lines as history then maybe we’d get the same outcome. So there was a need to look at things differently and not be afraid to try.“That’s really come from Gareth which is not as easy to do as it is to say. The challenge was not just to do OK and keep the pressure off, the challenge is to win and although the summer was good we didn’t want. And we felt we might be able to adjust it to increase the chances of winning.”England will be competing in the semi-finals of the UEFA Nations League this summer with the Netherlands awaiting them on June 6 in Guimarães, Portugal.The other semi-finalists for the competition are hosts Portugal and Switzerland.