The Marist F.C boys: David Muta, Tommy Semmy, Koriak Upaiga and Daniel Joe, have flown in today after the return of Michael Foster last week.Foster was the first to return after his club, Malaita Kingz FC, bowed out of the league at 4th placing, which was the best ever placing for the club.The boys have greatly impacted the respective teams they played for.For the four Marist FC boys, the Solomon soccer fans saluted them off with honour as they aided Marist Fire FC to be crowned the champions of the Telekom S-League once again after 6 years.PNG acting High Commissioner to Solomon Islands, Tommy Angau, praised the five men for valiantly waving the red, black and gold colours high in the Telekom Super League.
It is that piece of history and passion for success that is pushing Gor Mahia head coach Dylan Kerr as he prepares his team to begin their continental journey on Saturday afternoon with a preliminary round tie against Equatorial Guinea side Leones Vegetarianos.“I know the history of Kenyan teams not qualifying for group stages of continental football and that gives me a bit more incentive to ensure that this team breaks that run. I am also hoping that it gives players incentive as well to prove that we are good enough,” Kerr told Capital Sport.He added; “It’s upon the players to create history; nobody remembers number two or number three. You have to be number one to be remembered. The players should take this chance now and create history.”Gor Mahia defender Wellington Ochieng blasts the ball into the net as teammate Ernest Wendo tries to defend during a training session at the Camp Toyoyo Ground. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluGor have always had their journey end in the first round but with the CAF continental matches re-aligned beginning last season, K’Ogalo can have a shot at the group stages in two different ways.First, they can take the direct route into the Champions League group stage by winning the preliminary and first round home and away matches. If they get past Vegetarianos, they will meet the winner between their 1987 opponents Esperance or ASAC Concorde of the Comoros.A loss in this round will give them a second shot at continental football group stages, but it will be in the second tier Confederations Cup. They will head into a play off with 16 other teams who have progressed from the first two rounds of the second tier tourney.“We know it’s tough but that is our target and we will work to achieve it. The spirit of the players in training has been fantastic this week. The energy and effort the players have put in is brilliant. However, sometimes the nerves and excitement of the game might work against us but I will speak to them to ensure they relax and enjoy the occasion,” added the coach.The tactician expects a tough duel against Vegetarianos, though he says it has proved difficult to do any scouting on them as no information is available about the team that won the Equatorial Guinean league for the first time ever in 2017.“I like to prepare for a game with some information on the opposition but now we can’t find anything. But that in a way it is a good thing because I can concentrate on us and ensuring we are strong enough,” he noted.Gor Mahia head coach Dylan Kerr during a training session at the Camp Toyoyo Ground. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluKerr who led Gor to the league title with a 19- point cushion in his first season in charge last year hopes to make even more history, but concedes he is under immense pressure to deliver.“The pressure is on me because did very well last year. To be honest teams need time to gel and especially when you have new players. But I am happy that we are doing well and the new players have worked so hard they are pushing the older players to work harder,” the coach further notes.K’Ogalo has already started their season hitting the right notes; they beat arch rivals AFC Leopards 1-0 in the season opening Super Cup and kicked off their league defence with a flattering 4-0 maul of Nakumatt last weekend.The tactician hopes they can keep the form running in Machakos against Vegetarianos and his skipper Harun Shakava has promised to lead the players from the front.“It is a tough level of football but we are ready for it. We want to make history and make it into the group stages so hopefully we start with a win at home. I urge the fans to turn out in large numbers and support us,” Shakava stated.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Gor Mahia head coach Dylan Kerr gives a thumbs up during the KPL Super Cup on January 28, 2017. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluNAIROBI, Kenya, Feb 10- For close to two and a half decades, no Kenyan club has managed to manoeuvre into the group stages of continental football, a sad tale for a country that produced a continental winner in 1987.That team that put Kenya into the map of continental might was Gor Mahia; beating Tunisian giants Esperance to the Mandela Cup.
A solid display and the blooding of a number of younger players was not enough for Donegal to beat UUJ at O’Donnell Park today.Jim McGuinness’ side were beaten by two points 0-9 to 0-11 but could easily have clinched the game.McGuinness will be pleased enough with his side’s overall progression but will probably be disappointed not to have won the game. Played on a crisp day, a decent crowd turned up at the Letterkenny venue for Donegal’s first competitive encounter since losing to Dublin in the All Ireland semi-final.The teams went on 0-5 a piece at half time in what was a lively open half.Donegal seemed to sit back and allow Jordanstown into the game during the middle of the second period.The College team can thank inspirational full forward Kieran Hughes who had an outstanding game up front and then in the middle of the park as the game came to its conclusion. For Donegal, McGuinness will be happy with both some older and younger players on his panel.Those who showed well on the day include Neil Gallagher, despite being sent off late on, as well as Ryan Bradley, Dermot Molloy and substitute Patrick McBrearty.There was no sign of Michael Murphy who would have made a major difference to such as open, free-flowing game.Nonetheless McGuinness will be content that his players have wintered well and still look very fit after the Christmas period. MCGUINNESS CONTENT WITH PERFORMANCE DESPITE DEFEAT TO UUJ was last modified: January 8th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:donegalMCKENNA CUPUUJ
THE decision by Donegal protestors to picket Loreto Community School on Monday has caused much debate.The protestors said they were at the school yesterday to show Taoiseach Enda Kenny how disgusted they are with cutbacks across a whole range of services.A statement issued this morning on behalf of Donegal Action Against Austerity claimed they were not involved the protest despite the fact that several protestors were wearing DAAA jackets. One of the protestors was among a group of DAAA protestors which appeared on the Late Late Show after they walked from Malin Head to Dublin.But Shaun Sweeney, the 5th year pupil who won the €150,000 prize to help next term’s first years at the superb school in Milford, believes passionately that protestors got it wrong.Pictured above by photographer Clive Wasson, here Shaun writes for donegaldaily.com on his feelings after the noisy protest; where eggs were thrown by at least one of the protestors at the Taoiseach’s car.By Shaun Sweeney “As the pupil who prepared the school’s e-book which won the competition I honestly can’t put into words how personally offended I was by the protesters, terrible sights today to see the leader of our country having to be rushed inside for fear of being hurt by people who had no place being there in the first place.“There is a time and place for debate about the treaty, today was not such a time. An apology needs to be issued to the school from the protesters for ruining what would otherwise have been a brilliant day for both myself and for the school.“It was an honour for the Taoiseach to be with us today, I haven’t seen one piece of media coverage yet with a heading about winning the smart class competition which has been completely and unjustifiably overshadowed by the actions of a minority group of people.“If one positive thing comes from today I hope it manages to show people how this group cannot be taken seriously, they’ve successfully managed to completely discredit themselves and have tarnished an unforgettable day in the school’s history.”Another student wrote the following: Dear Editor,I am not one for voicing discontent, but today I witnessed first-hand such a despicable, horrendous attempt to hijack a proud moment for my school that I felt compelled to speak up.Shaun Sweeney, a marvelous student who deserves the utmost praise for his wonderful achievement, almost had his day sabotaged by a pitiful attempt to use the school as a platform for a ‘political’ attack.I saw 30-odd grown adults act like children. What sort of example is that to be setting for our kids? That it is okay to whine and moan about things to get your own way, to beat drums and wave banners, even to go as far as throwing eggs at the leader of our country’s car? I think that a small broadcast on the local radio would have done a lot more in the favor of the supporters of the ‘can’t pay, won’t pay’ campaign.All these protestors have achieved is degrading themselves to a level where they don’t even command the respect of the first year students in the school: Correct me if I am wrong, but surely that can’t be seen as a step forward for a ‘political movement’ – bearing in mind that the age to vote is 18 years of age in this country.I understand, from some brushes with the majority of these folk in the past that they consider it truly patriotic, truly republican to support this anti-austerity movement. But I wonder what would Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, Eamon DeValera, James Connolly or big Jim Larkin have done if they were faced with the same economic challenge that Mr.Kenny is today- regardless of their respective political orientation? I think they would be doing something an awful lot more productive, sensible and beneficial to our country’s state of affairs than to be engaging in childish chanting, and throwing eggs like national school children. It begs the question, were the ‘can’t pay, won’t pay’ protestors parading in the wrong schoolyard?Your’s Sincerely,A disgusted studentLORETO STUDENT’S OPEN LETTER TO DONEGAL PROTESTORS was last modified: May 22nd, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:loreto schoolLORETO STUDENT’S OPEN LETTER TO DONEGAL PROTESTORSMilford
Dawn Mission scientists were surprised to see this asteroid (dwarf planet Ceres) with a water cycle and evidence of rapid geological changes.For planetary scientists accustomed to thinking in billions of years, what the Dawn spacecraft revealed about Ceres must have been a shock. A press release from Jet Propulsion Laboratory says, “NASA Dawn Reveals Recent Changes in Ceres’ Surface.” Previously, the spacecraft had detected carbonates that must have been produced in an ocean. Now, they are seeing changes within the observation period of the mission.Water ice is not stable on the surface of Ceres over long time periods unless it is hidden in shadows, as in the case of Juling. Similarly, hydrated carbonate would dehydrate, although over a longer timescale of a few million years.“This implies that the sites rich in hydrated carbonates have been exposed due to recent activity on the surface,” Carrozzo said.The great diversity of material, ice and carbonates, exposed via impacts, landslides and cryovolcanism suggests Ceres’ crust is not uniform in composition. These heterogeneities were either produced during the freezing of Ceres’ original ocean – which formed the crust – or later on as a consequence of large impacts or cryovolcanic intrusions.“Changes in the abundance of water ice on a short timescale, as well as the presence of hydrated sodium carbonates, are further evidence that Ceres is a geologically and chemically active body,” said Cristina De Sanctis, VIR team leader at the Institute of Astrophysics and Planetary Science.Two papers announce the discoveries. One, in Science Advances, speaks of the “detection of water ice in a mid-latitude crater and its unexpected variation with time,” with changes visible in just six months. “The reported variation on Ceres’ surface indicates that this body is chemically and physically active at the present time.”The smaller a body, the more rapidly it should have cooled and become inactive in 4.5 billion years. Ceres is much smaller than Pluto (which also showed unexpected activity when New Horizons flew past in 2015; see review 19 March 2016), and smaller than Saturn’s moon Dione. The other asteroid target of Dawn, Vesta, also showed evidence of watery youth (28 Oct 2011, 9 Feb 2015). At the end of the paper, the scientists scramble for possible sources of energy to keep Ceres active.The variation of superficial water ice occurring in the short time frame covered by these observations provides new scenarios for Ceres’ evolution. It indicates an active body and reinforces not only the link with the icy solar system objects but also the uniqueness of Ceres, given its present location in the main belt.The other paper by Carrozzo et al. in Science Advances tries to understand the presence of carbonates on Ceres.The correlation of Na carbonates with some extrusive constructs suggests that at least some Na carbonates are transported to, or near to, the surface by ascending subsurface fluids in several areas of Ceres. However, the association of Na carbonate with young craters could be consistent with the material mobilized or created by impact-induced heating. The data are not sufficient to fully discriminate among the possible mechanisms, and likely, the types of Na carbonates and the observed distribution are the results of a combination of different processes.Whatever happened, the detection of carbonates on the surface “provides major constraints on Ceres’ chemical evolution,” the authors say.NH4 salts are speculated to be unstable over geologic time. Hydrated sodium carbonates are not stable on airless surfaces and dehydrate upon exposure to vacuum and irradiation over Myr timescales. Destabilization on the surface involves both dehydration and decarbonation; for example, Na2CO3·H2O in Na2CO3 + H2O(g). The detection of hydrated Na carbonates supports an aqueous origin of Na carbonates followed by their partial decomposition (mainly dehydration) in surface environments. This implies that sites rich in hydrated carbonates have been formed/exposed recently (a few million years), and dehydration of hydrated Na carbonates is still ongoing. This is in accordance with crater counting and modeling that predict recent formation, within tens to hundreds of millions of years.The different chemical forms of the sodium carbonate, their fresh appearance, morphological settings, and the uneven distribution on Ceres indicate that the formation, exposure, dehydration, and destruction processes of carbonates are recurrent and continuous in recent geological time, implying a still-evolving body and modern processes involving fluid water.They still make estimates into the millions of years, but those fall far short of the assumed 4.5 billion years for the origin of the solar system, sometimes called “geologic time” (what we dub “Darwin Years“).Ceres joins the young, active object club, a large and growing list. One wonders if planetary scientists will ever find any object that lives up the assumed age of the solar system. Does this object look billions of years old to you?DAWN 10th anniversary image (false color) of Ceres, centered on Occator Crater with its bright sodium carbonate deposits. (NASA/JPL)(Visited 532 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Anonymous#ddos#hackers#privacy#security adam popescu Related Posts A new petition, organized by Anonymous, has been sent to the White House with the hopes of legitimizing DDoS attacks – those hacker-led techno-onslaughts that shut down Web sites.The petition basically asks that distributed denial of service, or DDoS attacks, be designated as legitimate forms of protest. This is quite a stretch considering the amount of damage these attacks do (just ask the Federal government, JP Morgan Chase, Bank of America and a host of others). And the petition authors want those jailed for DDoS immediately released and their records cleared.Fat chance, right?The writers of the petition say DDoS attacks are the “equivalent of repeatedly hitting the refresh button on a webpage… Instead of a group of people standing outside a building to occupy the area, they are having their computer occupy a website to slow (or deny) service of that particular website for a short time.”The petition needs 25,000 signatures by February 6 in order to trigger a White House response (as of Monday night, there were 5,420 signatories). Anything less than the required amount, and the White House can treat this like spam and junk it. While it’s not likely to be effective, launching a petition like this in the wake of the death of Aaron Swartz and the wave of newfound support for hacktivists, may be the best possible timing for the petition to gain supporters (another online petition entitled “Reform the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act” also attempts to catch the rising support for hactivism). Still, that doesn’t mean it’s going to get real traction. A glass-half-empty look at the petition could classify it as a naive, tongue-in-cheek attempt from the black hat world to justify their activities – likely doomed to failure. Chance Of Snow In Hell Today“There is no way in hell the White House will ever legalize DDoS,” said activist and Australian journalist Asher Wolf. Wolf believes the petition comes from the Anonymous Collective. Attempts at contacting Anonymous were not returned at time of publication. But this issue may not be as morally black-and-white as one mightl make it. Security expert Dan Kaminsky says that while he wouldn’t sign the petition, he thinks the attempt is far from silly or naive. Kaminsky indicated that while the petition may be misguided, the idea of creating legitimate forms of online protest in the heavily guarded online world are needed.“People are going to figure out how protest works in a system that has gotten very good at suppressing protest,” Kaminsky said. “I see where they’re coming from… I understand the desire.”The fundamental problem with DDoS, Kaminsky added, is the numbers disparity between those who perform the DDoS attacks and those targeted. Usually the culprits are small groups of people targeting large numbers of computers. So while many computers are affected, in terms of manpower the numbers of actual participants are low. Kaminsky believes that’s what makes DDoS a lesser form of protest than say physical people in the streets. “What makes protest work is the visible human investment,” he said. “Five people in Guy Fawkes masks protesting Scientology makes an impact. Who cares how many computers are involved, they don’t have opinions… One hundred thousand people protesting is very different from making 100,000 computers [shut down].”Not All About Social ChangeJust when you’re ready to change your mind about the hacker collective and believe they’re about to bring the world positive change, they go and do something that would make even their staunchest supporter say: “Huh?”Last night, Anonymous took credit for hacking into several news organizations’ websites, including the Los Angeles Times, Slate and Vanity Fair – all to wish a very special happy birthday to a fellow hacker. One step forward, two steps back.How Will Anonymous And Friends Be Treated?While this petition will not likely make it to the White House’s to-do list, it reflects a sense of the growing power of Anonymous and similar groups. These organizations looking for new ways to expand power and be taken seriously in this fast-evolving online landscape.In the last few years, the Anonymous movement has gone from small hacker cells to mainstream in-person gatherings the world over, with thousands donning masks and pounding the pavement. If they can translate that sheer human power to the Web, they may become much more powerful. If and when that happens, governments may being to treat with them the way they do foreign principalities – or terrorists. Photo Courtesy Of Shutterstock Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting
Firestar Diamond Inc, the flagship U.S. company of Indian billionaire Nirav Modi, filed for bankruptcy in a New York court on Feb. 26, even as the Indian Enforcement Directorate (ED) moved court for a non-bailable warrant against him on Feb. 27.The company, which is at the center of the controversy regarding a Punjab National Bank (PNB) scam, which has assets and liabilities in the range of $50 million and $100 million, has filed for bankruptcy under Chapter 11 of bankruptcy code. The code allows the company to reorganize its business.In its filing in Southern District of New York Court, the company blamed liquidity and supply chain challenges. The bankruptcy filing also includes Firestar’s A. Jaffe Inc. wedding jewelry affiliate and Fantasy Inc. affiliate. It estimates the numbers of creditors at between 50 to 99.Meanwhile, in Mumbai, Special Prevention of Money Laundering Act Court Judge MS Azmi heard the arguments of ED special counsel Hiten Venegoankar who told the court that the ED, which registered a case against Modi on Feb. 15, issued three summons to him to appear before the agency, PTI reported. Modi responded to two summons saying that he had business commitments, while in the third one, he brought up the issue of his security.According to Venegoankar, the summons were issued on Feb.15, Feb. 17, and Feb.22, which asked Modi to appear before the agency on Feb. 16, Feb. 22 and Feb.26, respectively. The counsel then asked for non-bailable warrant as Modi ignored these summons.A local court in Mumbai also issued summons to Modi to appear before it on March 12 in connection with an income tax evasion probe against him and his companies, officials said. Modi’s counsel said that diamond merchant will only return to India if there is a promise of a fair trial, the Economic Times reported.Modi, along with his partner Mehul Choksi, have been accused of leveraging the loopholes in the banking system by seeking letters of undertaking (LoU) and raising credit from foreign banks to pay its suppliers. The scam, which became public earlier this month, could amount to Rs 12,600 crore, with Rs 1,300 being added to the fraud on Feb. 26 night. The amount allegedly defrauded by Modi and Choksi’s firms was earlier stated to be Rs 11,300 crore. The Central Bureau of Investigation and Enforcement Directorate are investigating the scam, which has allegedly been going on for past seven years. So far, both Modi and Choksi have denied wrongdoing.Modi, his three firms Diamond R Us, Solar Exports and Stellar Diamonds, and his uncle Mehul Choksi, who owns Gitanjali Gems Ltd, were allegedly colluding with rogue PNB employees in the fraud. Ever since the news of PNB scam became public on Feb. 14, the bank’s stock has dropped 40 percent, taking Rs 153.3 billion ($2.36 billion) off its market value.Modi’s company’s diamond operations are spread across the United States, Europe, the Middle East and the Far East, as per the group website. Related ItemsNirav ModiPunjab NAtional Bank
War minus the shooting is how author Mike Marqusee painted the complex portrait of a sub-continent in ferment, set against the backdrop of the 1996 cricket World Cup, the most extravagant and controversial event in the history of the game.The title is most apt for India-Pakistan cricket jousts. Agreed that a gladiatorial contest between the two nations on the playing field – irrespective of whether the sport is hockey or cricket, it gives the viewer strange sort of adrenaline rush, pumping up emotions and transporting them into a different zone – it is also a synonym for a proxy war.No sporting rivalry can replace this feeling, this level of intensity, this junoon . I know that every time sporting relations between the two nations are normalised, the fires are stoked in this debate. It gets ugly, people get nasty and words are exchanged. The reality sadly is that while sport transcends political barriers, impediments and imponderables, India and Pakistan are a completely different kettle of fish. So, am I one of the faithful who are going to argue for restoration of sporting ties? Far from it. Bah!This is not akin to anything, anywhere else in the world. The Ashes don’t compare. Germany playing Greece in the recent Euro Cup was a one-off. It had the necessary edge because of the recent politics in the Euro Zone, but it was a one-off. For sheer continuity, sheer magnetism and as a spectator sport, it is singular. The contests have an edge, the players raise the level of their game, the ridiculous and the sublime are all part of the tamasha.advertisementAt the same time, all this hype and hoopla notwithstanding, India should not play Pakistan, certainly not now. This is not the time. India wants the perps of 26/ 11 to be brought to book, we sound as if we have a bellyache, but a recalcitrant Pakistan couldn’t care too hoots for our pain and suffering.India’s history with Pakistan, recent and otherwise, is too violent to be recounted here. They are two conjoined twins, inseparable since birth, their fates and destinies in one way or the other intertwined forever. Pakistan’s bloody and turbulent history doesn’t end within its own boundaries, more often than not it spills over into India. This is the scary part; while wars have been fought repeatedly, Pakistan’s naked obsession with Kashmir pushes the jihadi element to make repeated attempts to destabilise India by using the terror factory.Sunil Gavaskar, a cricketer whom I have great regard for, called it right on the day this decision to host Pakistan was taken. He clearly articulated that as a Mumbaikar he had strong objections to India playing Pakistan. Pakistan is duplicitous, Janus faced, it heaps scorn on us, obfuscates, lies and twists facts to suit its own ends.Pak dodges the bulletThe 26/ 11 terror attack has seen no closure. We have captured one of the gunmen from that fateful night – Ajmal Kasab, we have added one of the architects and planners – Abu Jundal in the bag now, and yet Pakistan continues to dodge the bullet. And it does so with so much ease, it remains blase about its involvement in what would be most significant terror attack in recent memory. Probably as well coordinated as the infamous 9/ 11 attack on New York.Four years have passed and what does India have to show in terms of naming and convicting the perpetrators of that bloody interlude? Nothing very much.Pakistan is like Teflon, nothing sticks to it. They make bloody sure that it doesn’t stick. They are glib talkers. Dossiers, transcripts, tapes, pictures are all meaningless as they laugh off their involvement in the vicious attack. Non-state actors, they say, oblivious and yet impervious to our hurt.The Taj and Oberoi in Mumbai were symbols of a new India, a rising India that Pakistan is extremely unhappy about. Pakistan continues to target Mumbai, in many ways the face of the same emerging India. The March 12, 1993, serial blasts and the 26/ 11 terror attack have assumed iconic proportions in the history of the terror network that targets the megalopolis. Pakistan’s eyes are fixated on India’s financial nerve centre.Fortunately they have failed to cripple it. The travesty is that it is not about India preventing an attack, but the ability of Pakistan and its jihad factory to willfully target India. The scale and magnitude of their attack stratagems are getting bigger, the designs fuelled by their innate hatred for India. Their psyche brutalised by the vivisection in 1971.advertisementDespite all this we want to play Pakistan in India. Why? Yes, it is a marvellous spectacle, crowds gather in the coliseums and decibel levels and passions run high, and jingoism gets a free run on both sides. But nationalism should prevail and India should step forward to take the lead in ostracising Pakistan from international sport. Sporting segregation on the lines of the sporting boycott of South Africa during the apartheid years is the only way forward instead of falling over ourselves to play with them. The rules of engagement should be delineated and strict enforceability should be ensured.Islolating South AfricaThe International Olympic Committee (IOC) withdrew its invitation to South Africa for the 1964 Summer Games because it realised that the team would not be racially integrated. In 1968, there was a move to readmit South Africa, but the threat of a boycott by African nations loomed large and the IOC changed its mind.In 1970, IOC formally expelled SA from the Olympics. Flashpoint was reached in the Montreal Games in 1976, when African nations raised Cain over the repression in South Africa and threatened a boycott if New Zealand was allowed to compete. Mind you, the Kiwi All Blacks rugby team had continued contact with South Africa. IOC didn’t relent, and the African nations pulled out of the Games. This brought matters to a head.Commonwealth nations signed on the dotted line ushering in the Gleneagles Agreement in 1977. The charter held that as part of their support for the international campaign against apartheid, they were uniting to discourage contact and competition between their sportsmen and sporting organisations with teams or individuals from South Africa.The Commonwealth was seen as a relevant body to impose a sporting ban on South Africa because several of the sports most popular among white South Africans were dominated by Commonwealth member-states – for example, cricket and rugby. This was a defining moment in South Africa’s history for it began the process of sporting isolation of the white supremacists in the country. The next big step came when the IOC adopted a declaration against ” apartheid in sport” on June 21, 1988, for the total isolation of apartheid sport. The ICC had imposed a moratorium on cricket tours to South Africa back in 1970.But lure of the krugerrand meant that cricketers trooped into South Africa, ban or no ban. From ‘ private teams’ replete with mercenaries under the banner of Derrick Robbins XI bankrolled by a millionaire of the same name, essentially made up of English cricketers, followed by the International Wanderers led by Greg Chappell, the embargo was breached repeatedly and with disdain. Till the Soweto Uprising and civil strife in South Africa.In the early 1980s, the rand once again became the flavour of the season.South African rebel tours, as many as seven of them, came at a rapid pace between 1982 and 1990. The first tour saw Graham Gooch captain a strong English contingent. In a veritable coup, a Sri Lankan XI was cobbled up under the leadership of Bandula Waranapura only to be summarily thrashed by the South Africans. But to bring a Sri Lankan team to SA in those tumultuous days was a staggering achievement. What followed was mayhem.advertisementLure of the KrugerrandTop-of-the-line West Indian cricketers rebelled and toured South Africa for anything between $ 100,000-120,000 each. Star cricketers such Lawrence Rowe, Collis King, Sylvester Clarke, Colin Croft and Bernard Julien showed SA spectators their prowess, matching their star cricketers punch for punch. The first series, again organised in secret and conducted on the hoof, set up a fierce battle when the West Indians returned for a full tour the following season. Clarke was by now the dominant player on either side, claiming four five-wicket hauls in the 2-1 ‘ Test’ series win. The West Indian XI also won the one- day series 4-2 with the Springboks looking ragged and on the run.Such was the intensity of battle that the South African batsmen had to wear helmets for the first time as the Windies pacers pounded them with shortpitched bowling. This wasn’t all. Two tours by Australian teams followed under the leadership of Kim Hughes. Top Oz cricketers such as Terry Alderman, Rodney Hogg and Carl Rackemaan were present on these tours. England under Mike Gatting became the last team to tour South Africa before their return to international cricket in 1991.One can argue that the power of pelf triumphed over the moratorium. Cricket too triumphed, particularly during the tough, unrelenting series against the West Indian rebels. But the message had gone home loud and clear to sport-loving South Africans. They were dried out, krugerrand or no rand.The BCCI’s love for lucre is well-known. That it is an autonomous body is also known, but to give in to pressure from PCB chief Zaka Ashraf is not the right thing to do. Mumbaikars, nay Indians, cannot remove the embedded images of the 26/ 11 carnage being played out in the corridors of their mind. The masterminds of the attack, the handlers, the assailants are all Pakistani and this is an inescapable fact. Sweat them out, play them only on international platforms. Isolate them, that is the only language they understand.